Karathe Sukhe (Sweet & Spicy Bittergourd with Palm Jaggery)
Prep time: 15 mins | Cook time: 15 mins | Serves 3-4
- 1/2 kg bittergourd/karela
- 2 hog plums (ambade) or 1 marble size ball of tamarind, soaked and juice extracted
- 50-70 grams palm jaggery/ole bella/pele god (substitute with regular cane jaggery) * see notes
- Salt to taste
- 4-5 long red chillies, spicy variety (deseeded) I used Bedgi chillies * see notes
- 2 kashmiri chillies deseeded
- 7-8 peppercorns
- 1/2 teaspoon cumin
- 1/4 teaspoon mustard
- 1 small-medium sized onion
- 1 marble sized ball of tamarind
- 3-4 small cloves of garlic with skin, crushed
- 2 teaspoons oil or ghee
1. Wash the bittergourds well, snip the ends and cut them vertically. Scoop out the pith & seeds and slice them into 1 cm pieces. If the bittergourds are large then you can quarter them vertically and then slice them.
2. Optional step: If you prefer eating bittergourd that doesn’t taste too bitter, then transfer the slices into a pan, add enough water to cover them, add salt to taste and boil them for about 3-4 minutes. Discard this water and immediately refresh the pieces with cold water to prevent over cooking. Please note that from a health point of view you should not drain the water as it leads to loss of precious nutrients.
3. Grind all the ingredients mentioned under ‘For the masala’ to a fine paste. Transfer it into heavy based/non stick pan and add the bitter gourd pieces. Add salt to taste if you have skipped Step#2
4. Place the pan over a medium heat, sprinkle water to ensure that the pieces don’t get scorched. Add the powdered jaggery and allow to cook for about 8-9 minutes (cooking time will vary if you have pre boiled the bitter gourd – take care not to overcook them). See notes. When the bitter gourd is cooked, remove from heat.
5. For the tempering, heat the ghee or oil in a small pan and add the garlic cloves and toss them about for a few seconds. Pour this into the pan and cover the lid.
1. This dish tastes best if palm jaggery is used. In Mangalore we get the Palmyra Palm Jaggery which is available in the form of discs. Each disc roughly weighs 50 grams – these are medium sized ones available these days. Earlier I used to bring those that weighed approx 150 grams each, so please use a weighing scale and add the correct amount to the dish. Alternatively you may add as you go and do taste checks to determine the sweetness you prefer.
2. Bedgi/Byadge chillies are long and crinkly and often mistaken for Kashmiri chillies which are less spicy than the Bedgi variety. Bedgi chillies impart a great colour and spice that is so inherent to Mangalorean cuisine. I suggest deseeding chillies so that you can get enough masala base that doesn’t too spicy.
3. Depending on the size of the slices you may need to adjust the cooking time. Adjust the sweetness as desired by adding more jaggery. Add more tamarind juice if you like. The resultant dish should have all the 5 elements – saltiness, spiciness, sweetness, sourness and bitterness to it.